MiG-29 is a twin-engine aircraft designed in the Soviet Union. Developed by the Mikoyan design bureau as an air superiority fighter during the 1970s, the MiG-29, along with the larger Sukhoi Su-27, was developed to counter new American fighters. The MiG-29 entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1983.
While originally oriented towards combat against any enemy aircraft, many MiG-29s have been furnished as multirole fighters capable of performing a number of different operations, and are commonly outfitted to use a range of air-to-surface armaments and precision munitions.
About 1,600 MiG-29s are currently operational worldwide and almost 600 MiG-29s and variants are in service with the Russian Air Force.
The MiG-29 can climb at the rate of 330m/s. The maximum and cruise speed of the aircraft are 2,400km/h and 1500km/h, individually. The ferry range is 2,100km. Its range and service ceiling are 1,430km and 18,000m respectively.
The aircraft weighs around 11,000kg and its maximum take-off weight is 18,000kg.
The MiG-29 fighter is armed with seven external weapon hard points. The aircraft can carry: up to two R-27 air-to-air medium-range missiles; six R-73 and R-60 air-to-air short range missiles; four pods of S-5, S-8, S-24 unguided rockets; air bombs weighing up to 3,000kg and 30mm built-in aircraft gun with 150 rounds of ammunition.